Changing Object's Shape
The Free Transform Tool
The Free Transform tool has three modes that can be selected in the Control panel: Free Transform, Symmetrical Distort and Free Distort.
In order to use the tool in any of its modes, you should select an object or several objects before activating the tool. Once the tool is activated, you cannot select or deselect objects.
The tool can work either with the whole object, or with some of the object's anchor points.
In the Free Transform mode, the tool can scale, shear and rotate objects.
Scale an Object
To scale and object, move the bound box corner handle. By default, the width and height will change independently. To maintain the aspect ratio, scale the object holding down the Shift key.
Shear an Object
To shear an object, move the handle in the middle of the bound box side. This side will move along its current axis.
Rotate an Object
To rotate an object around an arbitrary point, drag a pink circular handle to that point. Then rotate the object by dragging any corner handle of the bound box.
In this mode, you can turn the rectangular bound box of the object to trapezium. The object will be distorted accordingly. This distortion let you show an object in perspective.
To perform the symmetrical distortion, drag a corner handle of the bound box along one of the sides. The handle located on the same side will move in the opposite direction by the same distance.
This mode lets you move each corner handle independently from the others.
To distort an object, drag one of the corner handles to a new position.